IKONICS Advanced Material Solutions uses Precision Abrasive Machining® (PAM), a non-traditional machining process. PAM can support a diverse array of features in materials, such as; carbon fiber, fiberglass, silicon, ceramics, Kevlar®, Borofloat® and sapphire. PAM advantages include perforations in any shape, high precision repeat-ability, no stress or defects common in conventional machining, complex curve capabilities, flexible & rapid design changes, no secondary machining processes needed & perforations have clean edges with no burrs, spurs, burning or pulled fibers. PAM also provides acoustical sound & weight reduction benefits to composites.